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Harvard University Referencing Websites In Bibliography

To cite a news article from an electronic database

In text

If the article has a named author:

(Pianin 2001)

List of references

Pianin, E 2001, 'As coal's fortunes climb, mountains tremble in W.Va; energy policy is transforming lives', The Washington Post,  25 February, p. A03, accessed March 2001 from Electric Library Australasia.

Include the following information:

  • author (if available)
  • year of publication
  • article title (between single quotation marks)
  • newspaper title (in italics)
  • date of article (day, month, page number—if given—and any additional information available)
  • accessed day month year (the date you accessed the items)
  • from name of database
  • item number (if given)

 

To cite a news article without a named author

In text

No named author:

(New York Daily Times1830) 

The article can also be discussed in the body of the paragraph:

An account of the popularity of the baby tapir in The Independent (2013) stated that ...

List of references

If there is no named author, list the article title first.

‘Amending the Constitution’, New York Daily Times, 16 October 1851, p. 2, accessed 15 July 2007 from ProQuest Historical Newspapers database.

'Baby tapir wins hearts at zoo', The Independent, 9 August 2013, Accessed 25 January 2014, .

Baby tapir wins hearts at zoo

Baby tapir wins hearts at zoo

 

To cite an online news article

In text

Cite the author name and year:

(Coorey 2007)

List of references

Coorey, P 2007, ‘Costello hints at green safety net’, Sydney Morning Herald, 10 May, accessed 14 May 2012, . 

While a URL for the article should be included, if it is very long (more than two lines) or unfixed (from a search engine), only include the publication URL:

Holmes, L 2017, 'The woman making a living out of pretending to be Kylie Minogue', The Daily Telegraph, 23 April, accessed 22 May 2017, .

What is referencing?

Referencing, or citing, is an essential component of academic writing, as it acknowledges the sources of information you have used to complete your assignments.

Referencing is important because it:

  • ensures that you are not open to accusations of plagiarism
  • identifies your sources and enables readers to locate them
  • acknowledges copyright and shows respect to the author for their work
  • demonstrates the validity or credibility of your arguments
  • demonstrates the extent to which you know the relevant literature
  • avoid plagiarism and academic misconduct (What is academic integrity and academic misconduct?)

What do you need to reference?

You are required to reference any information, ideas or data that are not your own, including when you have:

  • quoted another author, word for word
  • paraphrased or summarised information
  • defined terms
  • used tables, statistics or diagrams from a source